The Theoretical Model
The Community-Quality-of-Life measure is essentially based on bottom-up theory of life satisfaction, a theory widely accepted in quality-of-life studies (e.g., Andrews and Withey, 1976; Campbell, Converse, & Rodgers, 1976). The basic premise of bottom-up theory is that life satisfaction of community residents is influenced by satisfaction they experience about their life domains and sub-domains. Specifically, life satisfaction is construed to be on top of a satisfaction hierarchy and is mostly determined by satisfaction with life domains (e.g., satisfaction with community, family, work, social life, health, and so on). Satisfaction with a particular life domain (e.g., satisfaction with community life), in turn, is influenced by lower levels of life concerns within that domain (e.g., satisfaction with services provided in the local community). Hence, residents who feel highly satisfied with their various life domains (i.e., high satisfaction with community life, health life, work life, family life, neighborhood life, and leisure life) are likely to express high levels of life satisfaction in general. The affect within those life domains spills over vertically to the most super-ordinate domain (life in general), thus determining life satisfaction. Similarly, satisfaction with community life is mostly determined by satisfaction with the life conditions/concerns associated with community life domain such as services and conditions in the community.
I. LOCAL CONDITIONS
physical environment, neighborhood, housing, public safety, cost of utilities, real estate taxes
II. SPECIFIC BUSINESS
banking, insurance, restaurants and night clubs, department stores, drug stores and supermarkets, healthcare, telephone, electricity, gas and oil, etc.
III. SPECIFIC GOVERNMENT
fire department, rescue squad, library, sanitation services, water services, postal service, police, town or city administration, economic development, etc.
IV. SPECIFIC NONPROFITS
adoption services, family planning services, religious services, senior services, food and shelter nonprofits, volunteers, youth services, etc.
V. OTHER LIFE DOMAINS
work, finance, health, education, social life, leisure, spiritual life, culture, social status
VI. OVERALL SATISFACTION
life in general, community in general, local business overall, local government overall, local nonprofits overall
age, gender, marital status, full-time vs. part-time employment, etc.
A title page with applicant contact information and MIQOLS contact information.
The entire content of the report is summarized here.
THEORY AND MODEL
The theoretical model underlying the Community-Quality-of-Life Survey is described here and the theoretical constructs are clearly defined. The research supporting the Community-Quality-of-Life model is also discussed in this section.
DESCRIPTION OF THE SURVEY
This section contains a description of the constructs with corresponding survey items.
SAMPLING AND DATA COLLECTION
This part of the report describes the call issued to people to participate in the Community-Quality-of-Life Survey, the deadline imposed, any incentives used to encourage participation, the survey link, the number of people who actually participated in the survey, the total number of people contacted, and the response rate. The response rate of the college/university in question is compared to past response rates of other colleges and universities.
This section of the report provides descriptive statistics related to each survey item with figures (e.g., bar charts) against the norm. The norm is calculated based on the average of all past surveys that have been administered through MIQOLS.
DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The survey results are then summarized and interpreted in this section. As such, specific strengths and weaknesses are identified. The college administration is then encouraged to bolster their strengths and correct weaknesses.
Exact references of corresponding text citations are fleshed out in this section.
Extra detailed information related to any aspect of the report is placed in this section.